A personal reflection on the process of research of the study Women, Violence and HIV in 3 Bolivian cities. Participation, research and advocacy (PIIP, in Spanish). This article was published in the 14th edition of the magazine Revista Inspira (December, 2011).
Una reflexión personal sobre el proceso de investigación del estudio Mujeres, Violencias y VIH en 3 ciudades de Bolivia. Participación, Investigación e Indicencia Política (PIIP). Este artículo se publicó en la edición Nro. 14 de la Revista Inspira (Diciembre de 2011). Para quienes se encuentran en La Paz-Bolivia, la revista puede ser adquirida en la Librería Akademia, al frente del Monoblock de la UMSA por el costo de Bs. 20. La página web de la revista es www.sociedadqueinspira.com
This report documents research conducted in 16 countries to assess governments’ progress on their commitments to gender equality, women’s sexual and reproductive health and rights, and violence against women and girls. Villela, W; Nilo , A . Gestos - Brazil, 2008. Countries: Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Chile, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Peru Mexico, Nicaragua, Thailand, South Africa, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Venezuela.
The report is the first of its kind to emerge from such a high level within the UN and is momentous in its scope and assessment of violence against women as a major international human rights violation stemming from systematic discrimination against women worldwide. It documents the persistence of all forms of violence against women and seeks to strengthen political commitment to end such violence.
Strengthening Resistance is designed as an overview of the most salient issues, and is meant for activists and policy makers alike who may be familiar with HIV/AIDS, violence against women or human rights but not necessarily the nexus across all of these areas. The report highlights nine creative advocacy initiatives from different countries and regions, offers recommendations to a range of actors and contains a resource section for further study.
This report focuses on the plight of the women in Rwanda, Burundi, Sierra Leone and the Democratic Republic of the Congo who have contracted HIV/AIDS as a result of rape during conflict in those countries. It argues that under international human rights and humanitarian law, these women have the right to reparations for their suffering, including guaranteed access to antiretroviral drugs to fight HIV / AIDS.
The 40-page report documents human rights abuses that women and girls suffer at each stage of their lives and that increase their risk for HIV infection. Girls face sexual abuse and violence, in and out of school. Women in long-term relationships risk violence if they insist on condom use or refuse sex. Widows are discriminated against in property and inheritance rights. And women and girls are raped in war and civil conflict, where rape is used strategically as a weapon.
This is a review of publications addressing aspects of the intersection between gender-based violence (GBV) and HIV.
This issue of Network describes the variety of means by which children, adolescents, and adults - men and women alike - are pressured to have sexual relations that they do not want. Nonconsensual sex may be a major contributing factor to such reproductive health problems as unintended pregnancy and its complications, as well as HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
This preliminary overview of available literature suggests that within the context of gender and the HIV epidemic, sexual violence is a complex phenomenon with multiple determinants, consequences and manifestations. UNAIDS estimated that by December 1997, 30.6 million people around the world had been infected with HIV, with more than 70% of these infections occurring through unprotected sexual intercourse. The overall proportion of these infections that are attributable, directly or indirectly, to sexual violence is unknown. Nonetheless, existing evidence on gender and sexual inequality and available information on the nature and scale of sexual violence (particularly against women and girls), suggests that it is likely to be significant.
This document provides a literature review and analysis to the United States Agency for International Development's (USAID) Bureau for Global Health (GH) on programs in developing countries that have addressed or challenged gender-based violence with a link to the reproductive health (RH)/HIV sectors.